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Cuba sees hints of recovery, announces "audacious" measures to tame inflation

15 Tháng Năm 2022
Cuba sees hints of recovery, announces © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Cranes dot the skyline as the building of luxury hotels and the renovation of historic buildings are underway, in Havana, Cuba May 16, 2017. Picture taken May 16, 2017. REUTERS/Stringer

By Dave Sherwood and Nelson Acosta

HAVANA (Reuters) - Cuba´s ailing economy has begun to recover in some sectors after two years of pandemic-induced contraction but soaring global prices for food and fuel require "audacious" measures to tame inflation, economy minister Alejandro Gil told Cuban lawmakers on Saturday.

Gil said Cuba saw a 38% increase in exports in the first quarter, boosted by the rising price of nickel, a top mineral export. He said inflation had also slowed despite upward pressure on the price of imports.

"We are beginning to see a clear and gradual recovery," Gil said.

But the price Cuba paid for imported goods jumped by nearly $700 million in the first quarter, outpacing the country´s modest gains in exports, a predicament Gil attributed to "imported inflation" driven by fast-rising prices for such products as fuel, corn for feeding livestock and wheat.

U.S. sanctions and soaring food and fuel prices, in part due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, have put Cuba´s tepid recovery at risk and threaten to worsen shortages already forcing citizens to line up for food, medicine and other basic goods. {nL2N2W20F1}

Tourism, a top source of the foreign exchange necessary to pay for pricier imports, has also lagged well behind government targets, complicating recovery.

Gil did not provide figures for overall gross domestic product nor did he address how first-quarter results contributed to meeting the government´s target of 4% growth in 2022.

A major sticking point, Gil said, continues to be Cuba´s unofficial exchange rate, which has ballooned to five times the government rate of 24-1 in recent months, slashing buying power for the average Cuban.

To combat this, Gil said Cuba will begin selling foreign currency at a rate between the official and black market rates, but limit those deals to certain state-run and private businesses in a bid to boost output of high-demand products.

The economy minister said the more favorable exchange would underpin "production that will later be sold to the population in national currency."

Gil said citizens seeking to trade pesos for dollars would not be able to take part in the new exchange program, but that the cash-strapped government was working toward that goal.

“These are bold, innovative measures. There are no magic ... solutions that can solve all the problems at once," Gil said.

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21-05-2022 10:25:30 (UTC+7)

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    EUR/USD 1.0562 ↑ Buy  
    GBP/USD 1.2489 Neutral  
    USD/JPY 127.86 Neutral  
    AUD/USD 0.7039 Sell  
    USD/CAD 1.2839 ↑ Buy  
    EUR/JPY 135.05 Neutral  
    EUR/CHF 1.0296 ↑ Buy  
    Gold 1,845.10 ↑ Buy  
    Silver 21.765 ↑ Sell  
    Copper 4.3042 ↑ Buy  
    Crude Oil WTI 110.35 ↑ Sell  
    Brent Oil 112.91 ↑ Sell  
    Natural Gas 8.058 ↑ Sell  
    US Coffee C 216.48 ↑ Buy  
    Euro Stoxx 50 3,657.03 ↑ Buy  
    S&P 500 3,901.36 ↑ Buy  
    DAX 13,981.91 Buy  
    FTSE 100 7,389.98 Neutral  
    Hang Seng 20,717.24 ↑ Sell  
    Small Cap 2000 1,768.35 ↑ Buy  
    IBEX 35 8,484.50 Neutral  
    BASF 48.850 Buy  
    Bayer 63.74 Buy  
    Allianz 195.58 Buy  
    Adidas 172.80 Buy  
    Lufthansa 6.852 ↑ Sell  
    Siemens AG 115.08 Neutral  
    Deutsche Bank AG 9.362 Buy  
Mua/Bán 1 chỉ SJC
# So hôm qua # Chênh TG
SJC Eximbank6,875/ 6,975
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SJC HCM6,895/ 6,985
(5/ 5) # 1,800
SJC Hanoi6,895/ 6,987
(5/ 5) # 1,802
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(5/ 5) # 1,802
SJC Nhatrang6,895/ 6,987
(5/ 5) # 1,802
SJC Cantho6,895/ 6,987
(5/ 5) # 1,802
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KRW15,8019,26
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