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ECB to Finally Join Global Rate-Hike Club: Decision Guide

21 Tháng Bảy 2022
ECB to Finally Join Global Rate-Hike Club: Decision Guide © Reuters. ECB to Finally Join Global Rate-Hike Club: Decision Guide

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The European Central Bank is about to raise interest rates for the first time in 11 years, joining peers around the world in confronting a historic spike in inflation after months of standing on the sidelines.

With soaring prices an ever-growing concern for households, companies and governments across the 19-nation euro zone, the ECB may even deviate from guidance by considering a hike of double the planned quarter-point at Thursday’s meeting.

News of it discussing such a step prompted ABN Amro to change its prediction to 50 basis points from 25. Money markets put the likelihood of each at 50%.

Whatever the size, the move is set to be flanked by the presentation of a new instrument to contain debt-market jitters as borrowing costs are lifted. The exact make-up of the bond-buying tool is likely to go down to the wire as officials tangle over conditions for countries benefiting from the purchases.

  • Follow the ECB TLIV blog here

While the ECB’s long-awaited rate liftoff brings it closer to the more than 80 central banks that have already raised this year, it still trails the likes of the Federal Reserve, which began hiking in March and opted most recently for a jumbo 75 basis-point increase.

What’s more, just as it gets under way, the case for caution is stacking up. A recession is increasingly likely in Europe and will be amplified if Russia halts winter energy supplies. Elsewhere, a political crisis in Italy showed how quickly government-bond markets can become unnerved, while the euro recently slipped to parity with the US dollar, feeding record inflation that’s four times the 2% target.

What Bloomberg Economics Says...

“Progress on the ECB’s anti-fragmentation tool could determine whether we get the 25 basis-point hike telegraphed in June or the 50 basis points the Governing Council is now considering. Our view remains that a truly credible solution to fragmentation is only likely to emerge in the midst of a crisis -- that points to an underwhelming announcement and a smaller rate hike.”

--Jamie Rush, Chief Europe Economist

Following a revamp of the decision-day timetable, the ECB’s initial statement will come at 2:15 p.m. in Frankfurt -- 30 minutes later than before. President Christine Lagarde’s briefing will start at 2:45 p.m. -- 15 minutes later.

Interest Rates

When the Governing Council met in June, it made an unusual commitment to lift its deposit rate by a quarter-point this month to -0.25%. It penciled in a bigger move at the next meeting in September, if the inflation outlook doesn’t improve, advocating a “sustained path of further increases” beyond that.

In the runup to this week’s announcement, however, policy makers have had second thoughts and are now weighing a hike of 50 basis points, according to people familiar with their discussions. That would end eight years of negative rates in one go, as well as topping all but four predictions in a Bloomberg poll of 53 economists.

The reason for the more hawkish debate is inflation, which hit a fresh record in June. Despite the economic headwinds, analysts say price gains have yet to peak. Officials fret that expectations may become de-anchored, stoked by potential natural gas shortages, even if an economic downturn ensues.

Fragmentation Tool

A crucial part of the ECB’s ability to accelerate rate hikes will be the effectiveness of measures designed to contain the fallout.

A bond-market wobble after the Governing Council’s last policy meeting prompted officials to speed up work on what they’ve so far dubbed the Transmission Protection Mechanism -- part of a two-pronged defense that also includes flexible reinvestments from the ECB’s pandemic bond portfolio.

The new tool is needed, they say, so their inflation-fighting efforts aren’t derailed by unwarranted swings in government-debt yields. First, though, the Governing Council’s 25 members must agree on its design, with a failure to unveil anything bound to disappoint investors.

  • Read more: What to Watch for When ECB Unveils Its Anti-Fragmentation Tool

Italy’s political storm has raised the risk of speculative attacks. That’s driven the spread between 10-year government bonds and their German counterparts past 200 basis points, fueling fears the ECB’s instrument may be needed sooner than expected.

Some analysts worry the tool won’t be nimble enough to shore up bond markets, with officials keen for it to look like a backstop for emergencies rather than a rescue measure for governments facing political turmoil or poor economic fundamentals.

©2022 Bloomberg L.P.

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 EUR/USD1.0261↑ Buy
 GBP/USD1.2135↑ Sell
 USD/JPY133.46↑ Sell
 AUD/USD0.7121↑ Sell
 USD/CAD1.2774↑ Buy
 EUR/JPY136.93Sell
 EUR/CHF0.9659↑ Sell
 Gold1,818.40↑ Buy
 Silver20.835↑ Buy
 Copper3.6783↑ Buy
 Crude Oil WTI91.88↑ Buy
 Brent Oil98.05Buy
 Natural Gas8.780↑ Buy
 US Coffee C227.53↑ Buy
 Euro Stoxx 503,776.81Sell
 S&P 5004,280.15↑ Buy
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 FTSE 1007,500.89Neutral
 Hang Seng20,175.62↑ Buy
 Small Cap 20002,013.09↑ Buy
 IBEX 358,400.40↑ Sell
 BASF44.155↑ Buy
 Bayer54.15↑ Buy
 Allianz181.08↑ Sell
 Adidas173.20↑ Buy
 Lufthansa6.588↑ Sell
 Siemens AG111.84↑ Sell
 Deutsche Bank AG9.061↑ Buy
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