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Factbox-Russia's response to Western sanctions

14 Tháng Năm 2022
Factbox-Russia's response to Western sanctions © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Russian President Vladimir Putin chairs a meeting with members of the Security Council via a video link in Moscow, Russia May 13, 2022. Sputnik/Mikhail Metzel/Kremlin via REUTERS

LONDON (Reuters) - A package of sanctions imposed on Russia, its top companies and its business and political elite over Moscow's invasion of Ukraine look set to trigger a deep recession in Russia.

Here is a summary of the economic consequences and Russia's retaliatory measures:

ECONOMY

Almost 1,000 Western companies have either left or scaled back their operations since the start of the conflict, according to the Yale School of Management.

The government forecasts that the economy will shrink 8.8% this year, and not return to its pre-invasion size before 2026. Some independent forecasters expect a double-digit contraction.

Shortly after the invasion, the central bank hiked rates from 9.5% to 20% to shore up the rouble and contain soaring inflation, which peaked at 2.22% a week in early March. Annual inflation in early May was still almost 18%.

Tight capital controls and a requirement that exporters convert at least 80% of foreign currency earnings lifted the rouble back to multi-year highs against both dollar and euro in early May, with the benchmark interest rate lowered to 14%.

On May 13, Moscow's RTS index of rouble-denominated shares was down around 9% since the day before the invasion, while the rouble-based MOEX was down 24%. The FTSEurofirst 300 index of leading European shares was down 5%.

GAS SWITCH-OFF

On March 31, President Vladimir Putin required companies based in "unfriendly countries" - those that had imposed sanctions on Russia - to pay for their energy in roubles rather than the dollars or euros stipulated in their contracts.

The European Union has said this would involve conducting transactions with the Russian central bank for the currency conversion – which is banned under EU sanctions.

Amid resistance from European clients and lack of clarity over how to make payments, Russia cut off Poland and Bulgaria for refusing to pay in roubles.

On May 3, Putin outlined new measures against a list of individuals and companies from "unfriendly countries".

Russian businesses and individuals would be banned from doing any business with those on the list, even if they were fulfilling existing contracts and obligations.

The list, published on May 11, comprised the former German unit of the Russian gas producer Gazprom (MCX:GAZP) and its subsidiaries servicing gas consumption around Europe, as well as the owner of the Polish section of the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline.

On May 12, Gazprom said it would cease exporting gas to European countries through the pipeline - which Germany said would result in a 3% overall fall in Russian gas deliveries.

INVESTMENT BAN

The central bank has banned foreigners from selling Russian securities, and halted payments to foreigners who hold Russia's locally issued sovereign debt.

Rouble loans and credits to people from "unfriendly countries" are banned and Russian companies are barred from paying dividends to foreign shareholders in "unfriendly countries".

Loan repayments from Russian companies to foreign investors may only be made in roubles to a special Russian bank account.

Russia's central bank and finance ministry may issue waivers to those directives, however.

The Kremlin has ordered Russian-listed public companies to delist depositary receipts - an instrument that represents shares - from foreign trading platforms, unless they are exempted.

Several Russian companies used depositary receipts traded in London and New York to tap into foreign investment. The law does not affect firms whose primary listing is abroad, such as Yandex (NASDAQ:YNDX) or TCS Group.

EXPORT BANS AND ‘PARALLEL IMPORTS'

Russia has banned the export of over 200 products to "unfriendly countries", covering specified telecommunications, medical, automotive, electrical, electronic and agricultural goods.

Under a decree passed in May, Moscow allowed firms to import Western-made proprietary products – such as cars and smartphones – without the permission of the manufacturer, and resell them in Russia. The move was intended to maintain Russian consumers' access to Western brands.

PLANES SEIZED

Russia has closed its airspace to European and U.S. airlines, forcing some long-haul flights to Asia to take longer routes.

Russia has said it will not return more than 400 aircraft leased from Western companies that were based in Russia, effectively seizing almost $10 billion worth of planes.

Russia has also sanctioned a host of Western politicians, including legislators and ministers in the United States, the EU, Britain, Canada and other countries, as well as other officials and journalists, in response to similar moves by those countries.

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25-05-2022 03:52:07 (UTC+7)

EUR/USD

1.0734

+0.0045 (+0.42%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (7)

Sell (5)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (6)

EUR/USD

1.0734

+0.0045 (+0.42%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (7)

Sell (5)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (6)

GBP/USD

1.2535

-0.0053 (-0.42%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (4)

Sell (8)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (7)

USD/JPY

126.88

-0.99 (-0.78%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (0)

AUD/USD

0.7107

+0.0001 (+0.02%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (11)

Sell (1)

Indicators:

Buy (5)

Sell (2)

USD/CAD

1.2820

+0.0056 (+0.44%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (1)

EUR/JPY

136.19

-0.50 (-0.37%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (0)

EUR/CHF

1.0311

-0.0011 (-0.11%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (7)

Sell (5)

Indicators:

Buy (3)

Sell (5)

Gold Futures

1,864.91

+17.11 (+0.93%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (5)

Sell (7)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (8)

Silver Futures

22.093

+0.370 (+1.70%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (9)

Sell (3)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (7)

Copper Futures

4.3125

-0.0330 (-0.76%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (2)

Crude Oil WTI Futures

110.11

-0.18 (-0.16%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (7)

Sell (5)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (6)

Brent Oil Futures

110.88

+0.10 (+0.09%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (2)

Natural Gas Futures

8.881

+0.054 (+0.61%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (4)

Sell (8)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (6)

US Coffee C Futures

213.83

-1.92 (-0.89%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (1)

Euro Stoxx 50

3,647.56

-60.83 (-1.64%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (3)

Sell (9)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (3)

S&P 500

3,941.48

-32.27 (-0.81%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (11)

Sell (1)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (6)

DAX

13,919.75

-255.65 (-1.80%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (5)

FTSE 100

7,484.35

-29.09 (-0.39%)

Summary

Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (5)

Sell (7)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (5)

Hang Seng

20,112.10

-357.96 (-1.75%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (0)

US Small Cap 2000

1,768.22

-24.55 (-1.37%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (2)

IBEX 35

8,631.20

+5.40 (+0.06%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (9)

Sell (0)

BASF SE NA O.N.

48.755

-0.980 (-1.97%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (8)

Sell (4)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (2)

Bayer AG NA

63.29

-1.18 (-1.83%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (5)

Sell (2)

Allianz SE VNA O.N.

197.86

-1.52 (-0.76%)

Summary

Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (1)

Sell (11)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (4)

Adidas AG

171.20

-4.28 (-2.44%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (4)

Deutsche Lufthansa AG

6.496

-0.407 (-5.90%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (8)

Sell (4)

Indicators:

Buy (9)

Sell (0)

Siemens AG Class N

114.20

-2.50 (-2.14%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (8)

Sell (4)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

Deutsche Bank AG

10.084

+0.066 (+0.66%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (1)

Sell (11)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (6)

 EUR/USD1.0734Neutral
 GBP/USD1.2535↑ Sell
 USD/JPY126.88↑ Buy
 AUD/USD0.7107↑ Buy
 USD/CAD1.2820Neutral
 EUR/JPY136.19↑ Buy
 EUR/CHF1.0311Neutral
 Gold1,864.91↑ Sell
 Silver22.093Neutral
 Copper4.3125↑ Buy
 Crude Oil WTI110.11Neutral
 Brent Oil110.88↑ Buy
 Natural Gas8.881↑ Sell
 US Coffee C213.83↑ Buy
 Euro Stoxx 503,647.56Neutral
 S&P 5003,941.48Neutral
 DAX13,919.75↑ Sell
 FTSE 1007,484.35Sell
 Hang Seng20,112.10↑ Buy
 Small Cap 20001,768.22↑ Buy
 IBEX 358,631.20↑ Buy
 BASF48.755↑ Buy
 Bayer63.29Neutral
 Allianz197.86Sell
 Adidas171.20Neutral
 Lufthansa6.496↑ Buy
 Siemens AG114.20↑ Buy
 Deutsche Bank AG10.084↑ Sell
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Ngoại tệMua vàoBán ra
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