net_left adver left

Fed not adequately prepared to thwart Chinese information gathering -report

Tuesday, July 26, 2022
Fed not adequately prepared to thwart Chinese information gathering -report © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Federal Reserve Board building on Constitution Avenue is pictured in Washington, U.S., March 19, 2019. REUTERS/Leah Millis

By Howard Schneider

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Federal Reserve does not have adequate systems to counter a "malign" effort by China to gather inside information on the U.S. economy and monetary policy, according to a report that was prepared by Republican staff of the Senate Homeland Security Committee, and promptly rejected by the Fed as "unfair, unsubstantiated, and unverified."

The report, which was released on Tuesday, relies heavily on information provided by the U.S. central bank itself, dating back to a 2015 internal probe of what came to be known as the "P-Network," a group of 13 people at eight regional Fed banks whose patterns of "foreign travel, emails, details in curricula vitae, and academic backgrounds" raised concerns.

The Fed's Washington-based Board of Governors and 12 quasi-independent regional banks employ thousands of economists, including many from other countries, China among them. That collaborative approach, the committee report agreed, enhances the Fed's ability to understand the economy and make policy.

The incidents cited in the document, rather than intellectual collaboration, pointed to "a sustained effort by China, over more than a decade, to gain influence over the Federal Reserve," according to the report.

It is not clear what came of it. The committee report provided detailed case studies of five individuals, four of whom continue as Fed employees, and said that, despite their connections with Chinese officials and universities, the Fed found no instances where information had been shared in violation of policies.

In a letter to outgoing Sen. Rob Portman, the ranking Republican on the Homeland Security Committee, Fed Chair Jerome Powell said he had "strong concerns about assertions and implications in the report," and detailed the background checks Fed staff undergo, and the technology used to prevent security breaches.

"We would be concerned about any supportable allegation of wrongdoing, whatever the source," Powell wrote. "In contrast, we are deeply troubled by what we believe to be the report's unfair, unsubstantiated, and unverified insinuations about particular individual staff members."

The activities discussed in the document raised red flags, at least several years ago, inside the Fed, according to the report. U.S. central bank officials often talk about the cyber-security risks they and all financial institutions face, but have not talked about being the target of human intelligence gathering.

Some staffers had kept in touch, for example, with a former regional Fed employee, identified only as "Z," who had ties to a Chinese "talent recruitment program" used by the Communist Party of China to develop sources inside U.S. technical institutions, the report said. The recruitment programs, including the "Thousand Talents Program," were highlighted in a prior Senate report as a key way China uses research grants, academic lecture positions, and other perks to try to learn about and export U.S. intellectual property.

In this instance, the situation led Fed officials to worry "that there were organized efforts by foreign governments ... to solicit Federal Reserve researchers," the report said.

One of the employees involved, the report added, "attempted to transfer large volumes of data" to an external computer, though a committee aide said it is not clear if the effort succeeded or what data was involved.

One Fed staffer "provided modeling code to a Chinese university with ties to" China's central bank, the report said, though again there was no detail on the nature of the code or whether its distribution was restricted. Powell in his letter noted the Fed's "most important economic models" are in the public domain, available for download from the Fed's Web site "so that people can engage with us and these models."

'FORCIBLY DETAINED'

In perhaps the bluntest incident, "a senior official at a Federal Reserve Bank" was in 2019 "forcibly detained" by Chinese officials during a trip to the country and told under threat of imprisonment that he "must cooperate ... and share sensitive, non-public economic data."

The staffer reported the incident to the Fed, who reported it to the State Department and the FBI, the report stated.

Still, the report argued the Fed should strengthen its counter-intelligence efforts and work more closely with agencies like the FBI.

"Because we understand that some actors aim to exploit any vulnerabilities, our processes, controls and technology are robust and updated regularly," Powell wrote. "We respectfully reject any suggestions to the contrary."

Leave your comment
HOT AUTO TRADE BOT SOFTWARE adver right
APPROVED BROKERS
net_home_top HOT AUTO TRADE BOT SOFTWARE
20-08-2022 09:03:54 (UTC+7)

EUR/USD

1.0037

-0.0051 (-0.51%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (5)

EUR/USD

1.0037

-0.0051 (-0.51%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (5)

GBP/USD

1.1831

-0.0099 (-0.83%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (0)

USD/JPY

136.93

+1.04 (+0.77%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

AUD/USD

0.6873

-0.0046 (-0.66%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (5)

USD/CAD

1.2993

+0.0046 (+0.36%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (1)

Sell (11)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (7)

EUR/JPY

137.43

+0.35 (+0.26%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (3)

Sell (5)

EUR/CHF

0.9628

-0.0024 (-0.24%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (0)

Gold Futures

1,760.30

-10.90 (-0.62%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (10)

Sell (2)

Indicators:

Buy (9)

Sell (0)

Silver Futures

18.965

-0.499 (-2.56%)

Summary

Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (5)

Sell (7)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (5)

Copper Futures

3.6697

+0.0382 (+1.05%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (5)

Crude Oil WTI Futures

89.97

-0.53 (-0.59%)

Summary

Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (2)

Brent Oil Futures

96.09

-0.50 (-0.52%)

Summary

Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (1)

Sell (11)

Indicators:

Buy (3)

Sell (3)

Natural Gas Futures

9.280

+0.092 (+1.00%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (8)

US Coffee C Futures

216.20

+1.50 (+0.70%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (4)

Sell (8)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (9)

Euro Stoxx 50

3,730.32

-47.06 (-1.25%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (7)

Sell (5)

Indicators:

Buy (6)

Sell (2)

S&P 500

4,228.48

-55.26 (-1.29%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (2)

Sell (10)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (5)

DAX

13,544.52

-152.89 (-1.12%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (1)

FTSE 100

7,550.37

+8.52 (+0.11%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (8)

Sell (4)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (2)

Hang Seng

19,773.03

+9.12 (+0.05%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (4)

US Small Cap 2000

1,957.35

-43.38 (-2.17%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (5)

Sell (1)

IBEX 35

8,338.10

-92.20 (-1.09%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (8)

Sell (4)

Indicators:

Buy (9)

Sell (0)

BASF SE NA O.N.

43.035

-0.405 (-0.93%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (9)

Sell (3)

Indicators:

Buy (10)

Sell (0)

Bayer AG NA

54.40

+0.34 (+0.63%)

Summary

Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (10)

Allianz SE VNA O.N.

176.02

-2.50 (-1.40%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (1)

Sell (11)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (7)

Adidas AG

165.60

-1.92 (-1.15%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (4)

Sell (8)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (8)

Deutsche Lufthansa AG

6.275

-0.291 (-4.43%)

Summary

Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (9)

Sell (3)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (2)

Siemens AG Class N

108.20

-2.06 (-1.87%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (8)

Deutsche Bank AG

8.496

-0.372 (-4.19%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (3)

 EUR/USD1.0037↑ Sell
 GBP/USD1.1831↑ Buy
 USD/JPY136.93↑ Buy
 AUD/USD0.6873↑ Sell
 USD/CAD1.2993↑ Sell
 EUR/JPY137.43Neutral
 EUR/CHF0.9628↑ Buy
 Gold1,760.30↑ Buy
 Silver18.965Sell
 Copper3.6697Neutral
 Crude Oil WTI89.97Buy
 Brent Oil96.09Sell
 Natural Gas9.280↑ Sell
 US Coffee C216.20↑ Sell
 Euro Stoxx 503,730.32↑ Buy
 S&P 5004,228.48↑ Sell
 DAX13,544.52Neutral
 FTSE 1007,550.37↑ Buy
 Hang Seng19,773.03Neutral
 Small Cap 20001,957.35↑ Buy
 IBEX 358,338.10↑ Buy
 BASF43.035↑ Buy
 Bayer54.40Sell
 Allianz176.02↑ Sell
 Adidas165.60↑ Sell
 Lufthansa6.275Buy
 Siemens AG108.20↑ Sell
 Deutsche Bank AG8.496Neutral
Mua/Bán 1 chỉ SJC
# So hôm qua # Chênh TG
SJC Eximbank6,600/ 6,700
(0/ 0) # 1,734
SJC HCM6,620/ 6,720
(0/ 0) # 1,765
SJC Hanoi6,620/ 6,722
(0/ 0) # 1,767
SJC Danang6,620/ 6,722
(0/ 0) # 1,767
SJC Nhatrang6,620/ 6,722
(0/ 0) # 1,767
SJC Cantho6,620/ 6,722
(0/ 0) # 1,767
Cập nhật 20-08-2022 09:03:56
Xem lịch sử giá vàng SJC: nhấn đây!
ↀ Giá vàng thế giới
$1,747.00-11.57-0.66%
Live 24 hour Gold Chart
ʘ Giá bán lẻ xăng dầu
Sản phẩmVùng 1Vùng 2
RON 95-V25.34025.840
RON 95-III24.66025.150
E5 RON 92-II23.72024.190
DO 0.05S22.90023.350
DO 0,001S-V24.88025.370
Dầu hỏa 2-K23.32023.780
$ Tỷ giá Vietcombank
Ngoại tệMua vàoBán ra
USD23.235,0023.545,00
EUR22.981,7524.268,73
GBP27.175,3928.334,31
JPY167,13176,93
KRW15,2618,59
Cập nhật lúc 08:56:39 20/08/2022
Xem bảng tỷ giá hối đoái
adver main right