net_left Phương Thức Thanh Toán
Phương Thức Thanh Toán

Iranian oil exports end 2022 at a high, despite no nuclear deal

By Alex Lawler, Bozorgmehr Sharafedin and Chen Aizhu LONDON (Reuters) - Iranian oil exports hit new highs in the last two months of 2022 and are making a strong start to 2023...
Iranian oil exports end 2022 at a high, despite no nuclear deal © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A gas flare on an oil production platform is seen alongside an Iranian flag in the Gulf July 25, 2005. REUTERS/Raheb Homavandi

By Alex Lawler, Bozorgmehr Sharafedin and Chen Aizhu

LONDON (Reuters) - Iranian oil exports hit new highs in the last two months of 2022 and are making a strong start to 2023 despite U.S. sanctions, according to companies that track the flows, on higher shipments to China and Venezuela.

Tehran's oil exports have been limited since former U.S. President Donald Trump in 2018 exited a 2015 nuclear accord and reimposed sanctions aimed at curbing oil exports and the associated revenue to Iran's government.

Exports have risen during the term of his successor President Joe Biden, who had sought to revive the nuclear deal, and hit the highest since 2019 on some estimates. This comes despite headwinds such as a stall in those talks and competition from discounted Russian crude.

Energy consultant SVB International said Iran's crude exports in December averaged 1.137 million barrels per day, up 42,000 bpd from November and the highest 2022 figure SVB has reported based on estimates given earlier.

"In comparison to the Trump administration, there hasn't been any serious crackdown or action against Iran's oil exports," said Sara Vakhshouri of SVB. "January exports were so far strong like previous months."

"Lower Chinese demand and Russia's supply to China have been a major challenge for them. Most of its oil still goes to the Far East, ultimately China. Iran also helps Venezuela to export its oil."

Adrienne Watson, a National Security Council spokesperson at the White House, said the administration's enforcement of the sanctions is robust, and "Iran's macroeconomic figures clearly bear this out."

"We have not and will not hesitate to take action against sanctions evaders, together with sanctions against Iran’s missile and drone trade, and human rights violations against the Iranian people," Watson said. The Treasury Department imposed sanctions late last year on an oil smuggling ring linked to Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC).

Consultant Petro-Logistics, which tracks oil supply, said it was also seeing an upward trend in Iranian crude exports which, in its view, in December reached their highest level since March 2019.

Kpler, a data intelligence firm, put Iranian crude exports at 1.23 million bpd in November, the highest since August 2022 and almost on a par with April 2019's rate of 1.27 million bpd, although they slipped to just below 1 million bpd in December.

The Iranian oil ministry did not respond to a request for comment on exports. Iran's draft state budget is based on even higher shipments of 1.4 million bpd, the semi-official Fars news agency reported this week.

China is Iran's biggest customer. To evade sanctions, most of Iran's crude exports to China are rebranded as crude from other countries, according to analysts including FGE. Iran in the past has said documents were forged to hide the origin of Iranian cargoes.

Also, Iran last year expanded its role in Venezuela, also under U.S. sanctions, sending supplies of light oil for refining and diluents to produce exportable crude grades.

MORE TO CHINA

There is no definitive figure for Iranian oil exports and estimates often fall into a wide range. Tanker-tracking companies use various methods to track the flows, including satellite data, port loading data and human intelligence. Iran generally does not release figures.

According to another analyst, Vortexa, China's December imports of Iranian oil hit a new record of 1.2 million bpd, up 130% from a year earlier.

"Most of these shipments found home in Shandong, where independent refiners have turned to discounted grades since the second half of 2022 amid sluggish domestic demand and depressed refining margins," the company said.

The press department of China's Foreign Ministry, in response to a request for comment, said: "The legitimate and reasonable cooperation between China and Iran under the international legal framework deserves respect and protection," without directly addressing Reuters query on China's record Iranian oil purchases.

Vortexa said supply of Russian Urals, the main competing grade to Iranian oil, fell in December - when a price cap on Russian crude exports and European Union ban created uncertainty for buyers.

A revived nuclear deal would allow Iran to boost sales to former buyers like South Korea and Europe.

Still, talks have been at a stalemate since September, and Washington's special envoy for Iran said in November Tehran's crackdown on anti-government protesters and the sale of drones to Russia have turned Washington's focus away from the deal.

Following Trump's removal of the United States from the nuclear deal and reimposition of sanctions, Iran's crude exports fell back to as little as 100,000 bpd at times in 2020 from over 2.5 million bpd in 2018, according to tanker trackers.

Hot Auto Trade Bot Phương Thức Thanh Toán
BROKERS ĐƯỢC CẤP PHÉP
net_home_top Ai VIF
06-02-2023 14:34:59 (UTC+7)

EUR/USD

1.0789

-0.0004 (-0.04%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (10)

Sell (2)

Indicators:

Buy (3)

Sell (2)

EUR/USD

1.0789

-0.0004 (-0.04%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (10)

Sell (2)

Indicators:

Buy (3)

Sell (2)

GBP/USD

1.2056

+0.0006 (+0.05%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (9)

USD/JPY

131.76

+0.60 (+0.45%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (8)

Sell (4)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

AUD/USD

0.6936

+0.0017 (+0.25%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (4)

Sell (8)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (6)

USD/CAD

1.3399

+0.0003 (+0.03%)

Summary

Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (6)

Sell (1)

EUR/JPY

142.16

+0.59 (+0.42%)

Summary

Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (4)

Sell (8)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (3)

EUR/CHF

0.9987

-0.0004 (-0.04%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

Gold Futures

1,887.40

+10.80 (+0.58%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (9)

Silver Futures

22.505

+0.100 (+0.45%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (1)

Sell (11)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (9)

Copper Futures

4.0610

+0.0298 (+0.74%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (8)

Crude Oil WTI Futures

73.99

+0.60 (+0.82%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (0)

Brent Oil Futures

80.70

+0.76 (+0.95%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

Natural Gas Futures

2.436

+0.051 (+2.14%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (9)

US Coffee C Futures

173.63

-4.27 (-2.40%)

Summary

Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (9)

Sell (3)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (3)

Euro Stoxx 50

4,257.98

+16.86 (+0.40%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (5)

Sell (1)

S&P 500

4,136.48

-43.28 (-1.04%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (9)

Sell (3)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

DAX

15,476.43

-32.76 (-0.21%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (6)

Sell (0)

FTSE 100

7,901.80

+81.64 (+1.04%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (10)

Sell (2)

Indicators:

Buy (10)

Sell (0)

Hang Seng

21,208.00

-452.47 (-2.09%)

Summary

Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (3)

Sell (9)

Indicators:

Buy (0)

Sell (4)

US Small Cap 2000

1,985.53

-15.69 (-0.78%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (3)

Sell (7)

IBEX 35

9,225.60

-4.10 (-0.04%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (6)

Sell (6)

Indicators:

Buy (5)

Sell (1)

BASF SE NA O.N.

54.040

+0.200 (+0.37%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

Bayer AG NA

56.68

-0.12 (-0.21%)

Summary

Neutral

Moving Avg:

Buy (7)

Sell (5)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (4)

Allianz SE VNA O.N.

220.75

-0.95 (-0.43%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (8)

Sell (1)

Adidas AG

161.06

+3.14 (+1.99%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

Sell (0)

Deutsche Lufthansa AG

9.902

+0.009 (+0.09%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

Sell (12)

Indicators:

Buy (2)

Sell (5)

Siemens AG Class N

145.02

+1.30 (+0.90%)

Summary

↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (5)

Sell (7)

Indicators:

Buy (1)

Sell (8)

Deutsche Bank AG

11.530

+0.074 (+0.65%)

Summary

Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (9)

Sell (3)

Indicators:

Buy (4)

Sell (3)

 EUR/USD1.0789↑ Buy
 GBP/USD1.2056↑ Sell
 USD/JPY131.76↑ Buy
 AUD/USD0.6936↑ Sell
 USD/CAD1.3399Buy
 EUR/JPY142.16Sell
 EUR/CHF0.9987↑ Buy
 Gold1,887.40↑ Sell
 Silver22.505↑ Sell
 Copper4.0610↑ Sell
 Crude Oil WTI73.99↑ Buy
 Brent Oil80.70↑ Buy
 Natural Gas2.436↑ Sell
 US Coffee C173.63Buy
 Euro Stoxx 504,257.98↑ Buy
 S&P 5004,136.48↑ Buy
 DAX15,476.43↑ Buy
 FTSE 1007,901.80↑ Buy
 Hang Seng21,208.00Sell
 Small Cap 20001,985.53↑ Sell
 IBEX 359,225.60Neutral
 BASF54.040↑ Buy
 Bayer56.68Neutral
 Allianz220.75↑ Buy
 Adidas161.06↑ Buy
 Lufthansa9.902↑ Sell
 Siemens AG145.02↑ Sell
 Deutsche Bank AG11.530Buy
Mua/Bán 1 chỉ SJC
# So hôm qua # Chênh TG
SJC Eximbank6,640/ 6,700
(-30/ -30) # 1,360
SJC HCM6,640/ 6,720
(0/ -20) # 1,381
SJC Hanoi6,640/ 6,722
(0/ -20) # 1,383
SJC Danang6,640/ 6,722
(0/ -20) # 1,383
SJC Nhatrang6,640/ 6,722
(0/ -20) # 1,383
SJC Cantho6,640/ 6,722
(0/ -20) # 1,383
Cập nhật 06-02-2023 14:35:01
Xem lịch sử giá vàng SJC: nhấn đây!
ↀ Giá vàng thế giới
$1,875.51+10.140.54%
Live 24 hour Gold Chart
ʘ Giá bán lẻ xăng dầu
Sản phẩmVùng 1Vùng 2
RON 95-V24.00024.480
RON 95-III23.14023.600
E5 RON 92-II22.32022.760
DO 0.05S22.52022.970
DO 0,001S-V24.28024.760
Dầu hỏa 2-K22.57023.020
ↂ Giá dầu thô thế giới
WTI$74.14-0.39-0.52%
Brent$80.56-0.62-0.77%
$ Tỷ giá Vietcombank
Ngoại tệMua vàoBán ra
USD23.270,0023.640,00
EUR24.669,2126.050,56
GBP27.543,6228.718,11
JPY172,56182,68
KRW16,3019,86
Cập nhật lúc 14:24:21 06/02/2023
Xem bảng tỷ giá hối đoái
Phương Thức Thanh Toán