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Rate hikes, Ukraine war, China woes dim Asia growth outlook - ADB

21 Tháng Chín 2022
Rate hikes, Ukraine war, China woes dim Asia growth outlook - ADB © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A woman sits in a restaurant on a river bank, following the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, in Shanghai, China, September 6, 2022. REUTERS/Aly Song/File Photo

By Enrico Dela Cruz

MANILA (Reuters) - The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Wednesday cut its growth forecasts for developing Asia for 2022 and 2023 amid mounting risks from increased central bank monetary tightening, the fallout from the war in Ukraine and COVID-19 lockdowns in China.

The ADB now expects the area's combined economy, which includes China and India, to grow 4.3% this year, after previously trimming the forecast to 4.6% in July from 5.2% in April.

For 2023, the ADB expects the region's economy to expand 4.9%, slower than the April and July forecasts of 5.3% and 5.2%, respectively, it said in the September edition of its flagship Asian Development Outlook report.

"Since the April Asian Development Outlook, various headwinds have strengthened," said ADB Chief Economist Albert Park.

"More aggressive tightening by the U.S. Federal Reserve and other central banks is denting global demand and rattling financial markets."

A significant global economic downturn would severely undermine demand for the region's exports, he warned.

China's economy will likely expand 3.3% this year, a further step down after previously trimming the forecast to 4.0% from 5.0% in April. The ADB expects the world's second-largest economy to grow 4.5% next year, slower than a previous estimate of 4.8%.

The outlook for the sub-regions this year remained mixed, with Southeast Asia and Central Asia expected to grow faster than previously projected at 5.1% and 3.9%, respectively.

The ADB, however, kept its growth forecast for South Asia at 6.5%, despite a lower growth estimate for India and an economic crisis in Sri Lanka.

The Manila-based lender has at the same time raised its inflation forecasts in the region, as supply disruptions continue to boost food and fuel prices.

Average inflation in developing Asia this year is now expected to hit 4.5%, up from April and July forecasts of 3.7% and 4.2%, respectively.

For 2023, inflation is seen hitting 4.0%, compared with projections of 3.1% in April and 3.5% in July.

GDP GROWTH 2021 2022 2022 2022 2023 2023 2023

APR JULY SEPT APR JULY SEPT

Central Asia 5.7 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2

East Asia 7.7 4.7 3.8 3.2 4.5 4.5 4.2

China 8.1 5.0 4.0 3.3 4.8 4.8 4.5

South Asia 8.1 7.0 6.5 6.5 7.4 7.1 6.5

India 8.7 7.5 7.2 7.0 8.0 7.8 7.2

South East Asia 3.3 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.0

Indonesia 3.7 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.0

Malaysia 3.1 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.4 5.1 4.7

Myanmar -5.9 -0.3 n/a 2.0 2.6 n/a 2.6

Philippines 5.7 6.0 6.5 6.5 6.3 6.3 6.3

Singapore 7.6 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.2 3.2 3.0

Thailand 1.5 3.0 2.9 2.9 4.5 4.2 4.2

Vietnam 2.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.7 6.7

The Pacific -1.5 3.9 4.7 4.7 5.4 5.4 5.5

Developing Asia 7.0 5.2 4.6 4.3 5.3 5.2 4.9

INFLATION

APR JULY SEPT APR JULY SEPT

Central Asia 8.9 8.8 11.3 11.5 7.1 8.1 8.5

East Asia 1.1 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.0 2.1 2.5

China 0.9 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.5

South Asia 5.8 6.5 7.8 8.1 5.5 6.6 7.4

India 5.5 5.8 6.7 6.7 5.0 5.8 5.8

South East Asia 2.0 3.7 4.7 5.2 3.1 3.4 4.1

Indonesia 1.6 3.6 4.0 4.6 3.0 3.3 5.1

Malaysia 2.5 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5

Myanmar 3.6 8.0 n/a 16.0 8.5 n/a 8.5

Philippines 3.9 4.2 4.9 5.3 3.5 4.3 4.3

Singapore 2.3 3.0 4.7 5.5 2.3 2.3 2.3

Thailand 1.2 3.3 6.3 6.3 2.2 2.7 2.7

Vietnam 1.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.0

The Pacific 3.1 5.9 5.9 6.2 4.7 4.7 4.8

Developing Asia 2.5 3.7 4.2 4.5 3.1 3.5 4.0

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05-10-2022 16:56:55 (UTC+7)

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 EUR/USD0.9927↑ Sell
 GBP/USD1.1391↑ Sell
 USD/JPY144.49↑ Buy
 AUD/USD0.6467↑ Sell
 USD/CAD1.3593↑ Buy
 EUR/JPY143.44Neutral
 EUR/CHF0.9771↑ Buy
 Gold1,714.50↑ Sell
 Silver20.462↑ Sell
 Copper3.4562↑ Sell
 Crude Oil WTI86.08↑ Sell
 Brent Oil91.43↑ Sell
 Natural Gas6.754↑ Buy
 US Coffee C219.28↑ Sell
 Euro Stoxx 503,445.95↑ Sell
 S&P 5003,790.93↑ Buy
 DAX12,555.41↑ Sell
 FTSE 1006,989.70↑ Sell
 Hang Seng18,087.97↑ Buy
 Small Cap 20001,775.77↑ Buy
 IBEX 357,568.38↑ Sell
 BASF41.630↑ Sell
 Bayer49.08↑ Buy
 Allianz165.49↑ Sell
 Adidas123.88↑ Sell
 Lufthansa5.987↑ Buy
 Siemens AG105.12↑ Sell
 Deutsche Bank AG8.005↑ Buy
Mua/Bán 1 chỉ SJC
# So hôm qua # Chênh TG
SJC Eximbank6,550/ 6,630
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SJC HCM6,540/ 6,640
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SJC Hanoi6,540/ 6,642
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SJC Danang6,540/ 6,642
(0/ 0) # 1,705
SJC Nhatrang6,540/ 6,642
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SJC Cantho6,540/ 6,642
(0/ 0) # 1,705
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