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Ukraine war, higher rates to limit growth in developing Asia - ADB

21 Tháng Bảy 2022
Ukraine war, higher rates to limit growth in developing Asia - ADB © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: A view shows cranes in front of the skyline of the Central Business District (CBD) in Beijing, China, October 18, 2021. REUTERS/Thomas Peter

By Karen Lema

MANILA (Reuters) - The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on Thursday slashed its growth forecasts for developing Asia for this year and next, reflecting the economic fallout from Russia's war in Ukraine and aggressive tightening by global central banks to tame inflation.

Also contributing to its weaker growth forecasts was a sharper-than-expected deceleration in China prompted by its lingering COVID-19 lockdowns, the ADB said in a supplement to its Asian Development Outlook report.

Downgrading its 2022 forecast for a third time, the ADB said it now expects the bloc's combined economy, which includes China and India, to expand 4.6%, slower than its 5.2% projection in April.

"Risks to developing Asia's economic outlook remain elevated and mainly associated with external factors," the ADB said, citing a substantial slowdown in global growth, the U.S. Federal Reserve's aggressive tightening, and surge in commodity prices.

For 2023, the region is forecast to grow 5.2%, down slightly from its earlier forecast of 5.3%, the ADB said.

"From within the region, downside risks could arise from the potentially lingering effects on supply chains from (China's) latest round of lockdowns and the country's growth slowdown, which could hinder developing Asia's growth momentum," the multilateral lending organisation said.

China's economy will likely expand 4.0% this year, the ADB said, a drop of 1 percentage point from its April forecast, but will recover lost ground in 2023 with growth seen at 4.8%.

The growth outlook for the sub-regions was mixed, with Southeast Asia, Central Asia and the Pacific expected to grow faster than initially projected, while South Asia was forecast to expand more slowly due to the economic crisis in Sri Lanka and high inflation in India.

The ADB chopped its growth forecast for South Asia to 6.5% from 7.0% this year and to 7.1% from 7.4% in 2023.

With soaring inflation gripping much of the world, the ADB upgraded its inflation forecasts for this year and next to 4.2% and 3.5 % from 3.7% and 3.1%, respectively.

"Inflation pressures in the region, are however, less than elsewhere in the world," the ADB said.

GDP GROWTH

2020 2021 2022 2022 2022 2022 2023 2023

SEPT DEC APR JULY APR JULY

Central Asia -2.0 5.6 4.2 4.4 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.1

East Asia 1.8 5.1 5.0 4.7 3.8 4.5 4.5

7.7

China 2.2 8.1 5.5 5.3 5.0 4.0 4.8 4.8

South Asia -5.2 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.5 7.4 7.1

8.1

India -6.6 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.2 8.0 7.8

8.7

SEast Asia -3.2 2.9 5.0 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.2

Indonesia -2.1 3.7 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.3

Malaysia -5.6 3.1 6.1 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.4 5.1

Myanmar 3.2 -18.4 n/a n/a -0.3 n/a 2.6 n/a

Philippines -9.6 5.5 6.0 6.0 6.5 6.3 6.3

5.7

Singapore -4.1 7.6 4.1 4.1 4.3 3.9 3.2 3.2

Thailand -6.2 3.9 4.0 3.0 2.9 4.5 4.2

1.5

Vietnam 2.9 2.6 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.7

The Pacific -6.0 -0.6 4.8 4.7 3.9 4.7 5.4 5.4

Developing -0.8 6.9 5.4 5.3 5.2 4.6 5.3 5.2

Asia

INFLATION

2020 2021 2022 2022 2022 2022 2023 2023

SEPT DEC APR JULY APR JULY

Central Asia 7.7 8.9 6.7 7.3 8.8 11.3 7.1 8.1

East Asia 2.2 1.1 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.1

China 2.5 0.9 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.0

South Asia 6.5 5.1 5.3 6.5 7.8 5.5 6.6

5.8

India 6.2 4.8 4.8 5.8 6.7 5.0 5.8

5.5

SEast Asia 1.5 2.0 2.4 2.5 3.7 4.7 3.1 3.4

Indonesia 2.0 1.6 2.7 2.7 3.6 4.0 3.0 3.3

Malaysia -1.1 2.5 2.3 2.3 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.5

Myanmar 5.7 3.6 n/a n/a 8.0 n/a 8.5 n/a

Philippines 2.4 3.9 3.5 3.7 4.2 4.9 3.5 4.3

Singapore -0.2 2.3 1.4 1.4 3.0 4.7 2.3 2.3

Thailand -0.8 1.2 1.0 1.4 3.3 6.3 2.2 2.7

Vietnam 3.2 1.8 3.5 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.0

The Pacific 2.9 3.1 4.1 4.1 5.9 5.9 4.7 4.7

Developing 3.2 2.5 2.7 2.7 3.7 4.2 3.1 3.5

Asia

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1.0261

-0.0056 (-0.54%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (11)

Sell (1)

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Sell (2)

EUR/USD

1.0261

-0.0056 (-0.54%)

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↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (11)

Sell (1)

Indicators:

Buy (6)

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GBP/USD

1.2135

-0.0076 (-0.63%)

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↑ Sell

Moving Avg:

Buy (0)

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Indicators:

Buy (3)

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USD/JPY

133.46

+0.46 (+0.34%)

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AUD/USD

0.7121

+0.0016 (+0.23%)

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Buy (3)

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USD/CAD

1.2774

+0.0013 (+0.10%)

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Buy (10)

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Buy (8)

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EUR/JPY

136.93

-0.29 (-0.21%)

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Buy (1)

Sell (11)

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Buy (3)

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EUR/CHF

0.9659

-0.0046 (-0.48%)

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Gold Futures

1,818.40

+11.20 (+0.62%)

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Silver Futures

20.835

+0.486 (+2.39%)

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Copper Futures

3.6783

-0.0282 (-0.76%)

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Crude Oil WTI Futures

91.88

-2.46 (-2.61%)

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Brent Oil Futures

98.01

-1.59 (-1.60%)

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Natural Gas Futures

8.780

-0.094 (-1.06%)

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227.53

+3.58 (+1.60%)

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Euro Stoxx 50

3,776.81

+19.76 (+0.53%)

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Sell

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S&P 500

4,280.15

+72.88 (+1.73%)

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↑ Buy

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DAX

13,795.85

+101.34 (+0.74%)

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Neutral

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FTSE 100

7,500.89

+34.98 (+0.47%)

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20,175.62

+93.19 (+0.46%)

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Sell (0)

Indicators:

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Sell (1)

US Small Cap 2000

2,013.09

+37.84 (+1.92%)

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Moving Avg:

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Sell (0)

Indicators:

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Sell (0)

IBEX 35

8,400.40

+20.40 (+0.24%)

Summary

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Sell (6)

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44.155

+0.730 (+1.68%)

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Bayer AG NA

54.15

+2.47 (+4.78%)

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181.08

+2.08 (+1.16%)

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Adidas AG

173.20

+1.18 (+0.69%)

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Deutsche Lufthansa AG

6.588

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Siemens AG Class N

111.84

+1.92 (+1.75%)

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Deutsche Bank AG

9.061

+0.197 (+2.22%)

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 EUR/USD1.0261↑ Buy
 GBP/USD1.2135↑ Sell
 USD/JPY133.46↑ Sell
 AUD/USD0.7121↑ Sell
 USD/CAD1.2774↑ Buy
 EUR/JPY136.93Sell
 EUR/CHF0.9659↑ Sell
 Gold1,818.40↑ Buy
 Silver20.835↑ Buy
 Copper3.6783↑ Buy
 Crude Oil WTI91.88↑ Buy
 Brent Oil98.01Buy
 Natural Gas8.780↑ Buy
 US Coffee C227.53↑ Buy
 Euro Stoxx 503,776.81Sell
 S&P 5004,280.15↑ Buy
 DAX13,795.85Neutral
 FTSE 1007,500.89Neutral
 Hang Seng20,175.62↑ Buy
 Small Cap 20002,013.09↑ Buy
 IBEX 358,400.40↑ Sell
 BASF44.155↑ Buy
 Bayer54.15↑ Buy
 Allianz181.08↑ Sell
 Adidas173.20↑ Buy
 Lufthansa6.588↑ Sell
 Siemens AG111.84↑ Sell
 Deutsche Bank AG9.061↑ Buy
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