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Yellen backs better automatic stabilizers for U.S. unemployment insurance

29 Tháng Tư 2022
Yellen backs better automatic stabilizers for U.S. unemployment insurance © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Janet Yellen listens during a panel discussion with women entrepreneurs during her visit to Mi Casa Resource Center in Denver, Colorado, U.S., March 11, 2022. Jason Connolly/Pool via REUTERS/File Photo

By David Lawder

WASHINGTON (Reuters) -U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen on Thursday called for a modernization of the U.S. unemployment insurance system, with more effective automatic stabilizers that speed assistance to workers who lose jobs or income when recessions hit.

Yellen, in remarks to the Brookings Institution in Washington, said that recent recessions, including the one in 2020 triggered by the COVID pandemic, showed that rapid receipt of cash assistance is important for workers who have lost income.

But more study is needed to pinpoint when and how that cash assistance should be delivered and how it should interact with existing social safety nets, she added.

"Every recession in recent decades has reinforced the need for a flexible, automatic response. Well-designed automatic stabilizers are the best remedy," Yellen said.

Recessions have exacted heavy tolls, she said, noting that the average output loss during the last seven U.S. recessions was 3.2% of GDP, with increased unemployment in excess of the natural rate averaging 4.5 percentage points.

Yellen said that relief and recovery policies enacted during the pandemic were heavily influenced by the 2007-2009 Great Recession, which resulted in deep unemployment, widespread loss of homes and bankruptcies.

She said that pandemic rental assistance programs to keep people from losing their housing pointed to the need for a more permanent rental safety net.

Yellen said that automatic stabilizing mechanisms should expand to include not only income support but also housing, nutrition and health care.

"Preparing for the next recession means not only improving existing stabilizers but expanding their reach to other forms of social support and building the 'pipes' to distribute relief in a timely manner," Yellen said.

But these policies should aim to keep workers on payrolls and "preserve attachment to the labor force in an economic downturn."

Efforts to keep businesses afloat and avoid layoffs during the pandemic have shown a strong rebound in employment and avoided the high levels of long-term unemployment seen after the financial crisis more than a decade ago, she said.

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21-05-2022 10:25:30 (UTC+7)

EUR/USD

1.0562

-0.0024 (-0.23%)

Summary

↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

Sell (0)

Indicators:

Buy (7)

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EUR/USD

1.0562

-0.0024 (-0.23%)

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↑ Buy

Moving Avg:

Buy (12)

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Indicators:

Buy (7)

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GBP/USD

1.2489

+0.0029 (+0.23%)

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Neutral

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Buy (8)

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USD/JPY

127.86

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Neutral

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AUD/USD

0.7039

-0.0008 (-0.11%)

Summary

Sell

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Buy (3)

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Buy (1)

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USD/CAD

1.2839

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EUR/JPY

135.05

-0.24 (-0.18%)

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Neutral

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EUR/CHF

1.0296

-0.0005 (-0.05%)

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Gold Futures

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US Coffee C Futures

216.48

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Euro Stoxx 50

3,657.03

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S&P 500

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DAX

13,981.91

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FTSE 100

7,389.98

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20,717.24

+596.56 (+2.96%)

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US Small Cap 2000

1,768.35

-7.87 (-0.44%)

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IBEX 35

8,484.50

+78.50 (+0.93%)

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BASF SE NA O.N.

48.850

-0.010 (-0.02%)

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Bayer AG NA

63.74

+0.34 (+0.54%)

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Allianz SE VNA O.N.

195.58

+0.78 (+0.40%)

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Buy

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Adidas AG

172.80

+0.92 (+0.54%)

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Deutsche Lufthansa AG

6.852

+0.049 (+0.72%)

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Siemens AG Class N

115.08

+2.62 (+2.33%)

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Deutsche Bank AG

9.362

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Summary

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 EUR/USD1.0562↑ Buy
 GBP/USD1.2489Neutral
 USD/JPY127.86Neutral
 AUD/USD0.7039Sell
 USD/CAD1.2839↑ Buy
 EUR/JPY135.05Neutral
 EUR/CHF1.0296↑ Buy
 Gold1,845.10↑ Buy
 Silver21.765↑ Sell
 Copper4.3042↑ Buy
 Crude Oil WTI110.35↑ Sell
 Brent Oil112.91↑ Sell
 Natural Gas8.058↑ Sell
 US Coffee C216.48↑ Buy
 Euro Stoxx 503,657.03↑ Buy
 S&P 5003,901.36↑ Buy
 DAX13,981.91Buy
 FTSE 1007,389.98Neutral
 Hang Seng20,717.24↑ Sell
 Small Cap 20001,768.35↑ Buy
 IBEX 358,484.50Neutral
 BASF48.850Buy
 Bayer63.74Buy
 Allianz195.58Buy
 Adidas172.80Buy
 Lufthansa6.852↑ Sell
 Siemens AG115.08Neutral
 Deutsche Bank AG9.362Buy
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